Canadian Diamond Jewelry

Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Canadian Diamond Education Center
How To Buy Diamond Jewelry

This page focusses on diamond engagement rings but the information can be applied towards any type of diamond jewelry.

How To Buy a Diamond Engagement Ring

The Basics

When buying a diamond engagement ring you have a two main things to consider. You have the actual diamond stone as well as the setting (ring) that will hold and support the diamond stone. It should go without saying that the better the quality of the setting and diamond stone - the more expensive the over all price of the engagement ring.

The Diamond Stone

Let's look at the diamond stone first. If you haven't heard it by now the basic rule to follow when buying a diamond engagement ring is called the 4 C's. This stands for Cut, Clarity, Carat and Color. Depending on your budget you can play with these 4 C's to get the best diamond stone for your particular price range.

The Diamond - Cut:

This is arguably the most important of the 4 C's. The cut determines the shape, and size of the diamond - and therefore the way the diamond reflects light. This is measured in color and brilliance. The more colorful and bright a diamond is the more it will cost.
How to buy a diamond engagement ring

How to buy a diamond engagement ring

The Diamond - Clarity:

The Clarity of a diamond is measured by the number of very tiny natural imperfections called "inclusions" contained in the diamond. It takes training, experience and a 10 power microscope to determine the Clarity of a diamond so dealing with a respectable gem dealer is crucial. They will look at the size, number, position, nature and color of these imperfections as well as any surface blemishes to grade the clarity of the diamond. Another important factor relating to the clarity of a diamond is transparency or texture. You can also judge the clarity of the diamond by the cloudiness.

The Diamond - Carat:

Diamonds are weighted in a standard called a carat. One carat equals 200 milligrams. The larger the diamond the more points or facets it can contain. One carat consists of 100 points. Therefore, a diamond of 50 points weighs .50 carats. Remember, two diamonds that have the same carat weight may have very different values, depending upon the stone's cut, clarity and color.

The Diamond - Color:

Diamonds naturally occur in a variety of colors. These diamonds range from colorless, faint yellow or brown, to rare pinks, blues, greens and other colors known as fancies. At least a trace of yellow, brown or grey body color are present in most diamonds. Generally speaking, the less color a diamond has, the more valuable it is. The absence of color will allow light to pass and create a colorful rainbow of diffracting light. Looking at the scale below you will see that D to F color grades will be the most expensive with the S-Z at the other end of the price scale.

How to buy a diamond engagement ring

The Ring And Setting

Now we can look at the ring setting that will hold the diamond. There are still few things to consider before you are done. You have to think of the material that the diamond ring will be made from and how many stones will be installed into the finished ring.

Ring Material:

The two most common ring materials today are 18 Carat Gold and Platinum.

Platinum is far more rare than gold. It is very strong, durable and will last a lifetime but these qualities also make it difficult to work with. Look for a Platinum composition of 90-95% pure platinum.

18 Carat Gold is the most common type of diamond engagement ring in the world. It is easy to work with and polished well. Look for a gold composition of 75% gold (the other 25% will be metal alloys to give it strength).

No matter what material you choose it may be a good idea to request that the prongs that hold the diamond into place are made from Platinum for greater strength and security.

Avoid gold plated metals! They are very cheap alternatives that you will need to replace within a very short period of time.

The Setting:

There are several traditional setting styles. There is the Solitaire with its elegant single stone mounted alone on the ring. You could opt for a setting with side stones where the one larger diamond is flanked by smaller stones on either side. These smaller stones do not need to be of the best quality. Finally you could go with the Three-Stone Setting with one larger diamond with a slightly smaller diamond(of similar quality) on either side. There is also the option of have matching wedding bands mounted with small diamonds.

What You Will Need To Know

Before you go looking for a ring you are going to need to know a few of your bride-to-be's likes and dislikes.
* Does she want 18 Carat Gold or Platinum?
* What type of cut does she want?
* How many stones in the setting?
* Does she want matched bands?
* Is size or quality more important?
* Most importantly, what is her ring size? (Get this one right!)

How To Save Money And Still Get A Great Ring

One great secret of the jewelry world is the Manufacturer Jeweler. These are not your store front merchants that you see in the malls and shopping centers. These are smaller shops that actually manufacture the pieces for the major brands. You can see significant savings by going direct to the person who will actually make the ring. Often you will need a reference or invitation so ask your friends - one of them may be your ticket in to major savings!